ANALISA KOMPARATIF PENGARUH GERAKAN ANTI-ENERGI NUKLIR DI PERANCIS DAN JERMAN TAHUN 1970-2011

NASSA, FEBRIAN (2015) ANALISA KOMPARATIF PENGARUH GERAKAN ANTI-ENERGI NUKLIR DI PERANCIS DAN JERMAN TAHUN 1970-2011. Other thesis, UPN "Veteran" yogyakarta.

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Abstract

Pembangunan ekonomi, salah satunya pembangunan ketenagalistrikan, menjadi bagian penting dalam kebijakan energi Perancis dan Jerman pascakrisis minyak tahun 1973. Kedua negara ini melakukan transformasi struktural dalam industri ketenagalistrikan, yakni memaksimalkan potensi energi terbarukan, termasuk energi nuklir, serta mengurangi pemanfaatan energi fosil (minyak bumi dan batu bara) sebagai pembangkit listrik. Berbagai kebijakan yang mendukung pemanfaatan energi nuklir dikeluarkan oleh pemerintah di masing-masing negara. Namun, kebijakan ini tidak sepenuhnya mendapatkan dukungan dari publik Perancis dan Jerman yang memicu terbentuknya berbagai organisasi masyarakat dan partai politik yang melakukan pergerakan masyarakat anti-energi nuklir. Gerakan anti-energi nuklir di Perancis dan Jerman cenderung identik dalam aspek aktivitas protes, aktor, visi dan misi gerakan, dan lainnya. Namun, pengaruh mereka terhadap kebijakan energi nuklir terlihat berbeda, khususnya tuntutan rencana penutupan seluruh reaktor nuklir di masing-masing negara. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan strukturalisme dengan teori mobilisasi sumber daya dan teori kesempatan struktur politik. Hasil analisis menunjukan bahwa perbedaan pengaruh gerakan dipengaruhi oleh indikator non-fisik, seperti moralitas bangsa, solidaritas gerakan, budaya lokal, faktor historis, dan strategi gerakan. Oleh karena itu, Analisis lanjutan dibutuhkan untuk mendukung hasil penelitian ini, terutama dalam pendekatan konstruktivisme sosial. Kata kunci: Gerakan Sosial, Anti-energi Nuklir, Perancis, Jerman, Kesempatan Struktur Politik, Mobilisasi Sumber Daya Economic development, one of which is electricity development, become an important part of the French and German energy policy following the oil crisis in 1973. The two countries undertake structural transformation in the electricity industry, which emphasize on increasing the potential of renewable energy, including nuclear energy, and reducing the use of fossil fuels (petroleum and coal/lignite) to generate electricity. The Policies that support use of nuclear energy release by the government in each country. However, these policies do not get fully support from the public then trigger the formation of various community organizations and political parties which generate anti-nuclear energy movements in France and Germany. These movements are tended to be identical in the aspects of protest activity, actor, vision and mission of the movement, etc. However, their influence on nuclear energy policy looks different, especially the demands of the planned closure of the entire nuclear reactor in each country. This study uses a structuralism approach by means of the resource mobilization theory and the political opportunity structure theory. The Results of analysis shows that the difference in the effect of the movement was influenced by non-physical indicators, such as morality, solidarity movements, local cultural, historical factors, and movement strategies. Therefore, further analysis is needed to support these results, especially by using a social constructivism approach. Keywords: Social Movements, Antinuclear Energy, France, Germany, Political Opportunity Structure, Resources Mobilization.

Item Type: Thesis (Other)
Subjects: J Political Science > JF Political institutions (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Law, Arts and Social Sciences > School of Social Sciences
Depositing User: Mr Suninto Prabowo
Date Deposited: 28 Sep 2016 06:57
Last Modified: 28 Sep 2016 06:57
URI: http://eprints.upnyk.ac.id/id/eprint/6901

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