Challenges, Opportunities and Prospects of Swine Industry in Vietnam

Qui, Nguyen Hoang and Guntoro, Budi (2020) Challenges, Opportunities and Prospects of Swine Industry in Vietnam. In: Proceedings The 4th International Conference on Green Agro-Industry, 22 - 23 Oktober 2019, Grand Inna Malioboro, Yogyakarta.

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In the gross output of agriculture sector, livestock contributes about 19% and is important income for farmers, especially small-farmers in Vietnam. Small-scale farms accounted for 85% in livestock scale of Vietnam. The swine sector is the most important livestock sector in Vietnam because of its contribution to the people’s nutritional requirements annually, about 70-76% of total meat production. This paper reviews the Vietnamese swine trading sector. Starting with an overview of Vietnam’s natural conditions of swine industry, including a description of prevalent swine production systems, the value chain of swine trading, the paper then takes a systematic view of opportunities, challenges and prospects of swine product marketing. Besides, the government implemented strategies for strengthening swine industry, keeping pork price stable and balancing swine herd. The opportunities offered by swine farming to improve livelihoods, enhance their standard living and alleviate poverty. However, swine producers mostly face with the challenges of knowledge gap in best practice in husbandry and management of farms as businesses. Other challenges are low quality-high cost feeds, inability to service quantity and quality demands of the market. Among the emerging problems are majority of swine farmers are limited in market power, and in 2019, African Swine Fever (ASF) emerged in Vietnam and rapidly spread to whole country which led to the decrease of swine herd. This paper also assessed likely changes in the next 5 years based on past trends and future scenarios, and evaluated growth potential, viability, and the sustainability of smallholder swine systems in Vietnam.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: value chain, swine industry, Vietnam.
Subjects: S Agriculture > SF Animal culture
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Engineering Sciences
Depositing User: S.P., M.Sc Danar Wicaksono
Date Deposited: 24 Jun 2020 10:49
Last Modified: 24 Jun 2020 10:50

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