Role of Creative Industry and Culture on the Regional Economic Growth of Gianyar Regency of Bali 1980 – 2010

M. Pudjihardjo, M. Pudjihardjo and Nama, I Ketut (2012) Role of Creative Industry and Culture on the Regional Economic Growth of Gianyar Regency of Bali 1980 – 2010. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ECONOMICS AND RESEARCH, 3 (1). pp. 77-90. ISSN 2229-6158

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Abstract

This study intentionally tries to describe the effects of creative industry and the tri hita karana tradition as a unique culture among the Balinese on the economic growth of Gianyar Regency of Bali Province. Data used in the study were secondary ones consisting of the Gross Regional Domestic Product of Gianyar Regency, data of per capita expenditure for ceremonial rites and festivals as proxies of the cultural variables, and output data of creative industry during 1980-2010, and they were analyzed using the OLS regression model. The findings of the study were as follows: (1) The creative industry variable has important role in the regional economic growth of Gianyar Regency with contribution of 70 percent to the Gross Regional Domestic Product of the region. Similarly, the creative industry also plays important role as the largest employment provider absorbing 34 percent of total work force. The importance of creative industry in Gianyar’s economy cannot be separated from its art-talented people. (2) Variable of the tri hita karana culture as an effort of the Balinese to establish the balanced relationship with God (parhyangan), with other people (pawongan), and with surrounding environment (palemahan), plays positive role in the economic growth of Gianyar Regency. This positive effect is due to the existence of tri hita karana ideology/culture that is implemented in various kinds of ceremonial rites with all their arts, in which the Balinese Culture becomes so unique and interesting that it attracts the tourists to come to this region. The attendance of a relatively large number of tourists has impact on the increased Gross Regional Domestic Product in the region, and at the same time promoted its regional economic growth. Key Words: Creative Industry, tri hita karana culture and economic growth

Item Type: Article
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Law, Arts and Social Sciences > School of Social Sciences
Depositing User: NAME KETUT -
Date Deposited: 04 Sep 2017 07:22
Last Modified: 19 Apr 2018 03:17
URI: http://eprints.upnyk.ac.id/id/eprint/12710

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